Lavs




What are

THE LAVs?

They are workshops where the research and practice of different sectors (public, private, social, academic, among others) and scales (subnational, national, regional) converge to discuss and analyze knowledge and experiences regarding issues related to housing and habitat in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The LAVs are based on the demands of the actors and informed by the global agendas, and aim to bring together actors, generate shared visions and align effort for action and research, to face urban challenges and move towards sustainable development in the region.

Goals

  • 1

    Generate critical mass to guide the region towards sustainable development based on housing and habitat.

  • 2

    Develop alternatives on specific housing and habitat issues in the region.

  • 3

    Exchange practices, opportunities and approaches to transfer, scale and enrich initiatives in housing and habitat issues in the region.

  • 4

    Examine practices and approaches to enrich and guide research and action lines.

LAVs in
action

  • Building urban resilience and environmental sustainability
    #004D72
    Building urban resilience and environmental sustainability
    Theme: Block: Risks, climate change and resilience

    Goals

    The objective of this LAV is to initiate a dialogue with parties who are developing initiatives in LAC on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, and risk management. Specifically, it seeks to delve into the current challenges for the construction of resilience and environmental sustainability, in the analysis of various initiatives implemented, and in linking these issues to housing and habitat.

    Guide questions

    1. How can the CC agenda be positioned at the center of urban development and housing processes? And how can the urban resilience and environmental sustainability agenda be used to articulate immediate and gradual strategies for urban planning and other public policies to promote joint adaptation actions in medium-sized cities?

    2. What mechanisms can achieve concurrent strategic planning (multi-level, inter-sectoral, inter-territorial and inclusive) that promotes the implementation of sustainable, viable, and scalable projects?

    3. Of the initiatives implemented in LAC regarding climate change and urban resilience, which have resulted in engagement and coordinated processes among diverse parties, levels, and sectors? What common principles identify them?

    4. How can the gap between national/international parameters be closed with the needs or lack of local capacities? How can legal frameworks or actions be integrated to guarantee the scaling of local initiatives? What role do local or international development agencies play in this challenge?

    5. How can the risk and vulnerability of marginalized communities that are more exposed to CC be reduced (e.g. through training and/or appropriate communication technologies), and how can these communities become involved ed in planning processes, as well as in the design and implementation of adaptation projects?

    6. How can the implementation of housing improvement projects with sustainable and resilient infrastructure be promoted, particularly in informal settlements?

    7. How can the actions of the private sector be promoted and linked to the climate change agenda to establish innovative business models? How can we incorporate this business logic at the public sector level to articulate investments in housing and urban development with strategies of urban resilience and environmental sustainability?

    8. How to generate links between the academia and other parties (e.g. technological developers or alternative construction) to strengthen the integration between different subjects, as well as between research and action?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Building urban resilience and environmental sustainability
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/6._nc_lav_building_resilience_and_environmental_sustainability_final_english.pdf

    General biography

    • BID (2011). Sostenibilidad Urbana en América Latina y el Caribe (BID, 2011). Coord. Jaime Bonet.
    • BID (2013). The Climate and Development Challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean, Options for climate-resilient, low-carbon development. Walter Vergara, Ana R. Rios, Luis M. Galindo, Pablo Gutman, Paul Isbell, Paul H. Suding, Joseluis Samaniego.
      http://www20.iadb.org/intal/catalogo/PE/2013/11708.pdf
    • BID (2013b) Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation through Publically-Assisted Housing. Carlos Martin, Gisela Campillo, Hilen Meirovich, Jesus Navarrete.
      https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/6026/IDB-TN- 593_en.pdf?sequence=2
    • BID (2017). Delivering a Climate Agenda for LAC: IDB Actions to 2020.
      https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/8748/IDB-CCAP_FINAL.PDF?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
    • BID (2017b). A Blue Urban Agenda, adapting to Climate Change in the Coastal Cities of Caribbean and Pacific Small Island Developing States. Michelle Mycoo y Michael G. Donovan.
      https://publications.iadb.org/handle/11319/8264#sthash.26kxyjW5.dpuf
    • Caribbean Network for Urban and Land Management (2017). The Gap Between Rhetoric and Reality, A Critical Review of Presentations from the Caribbean Urban Forum 2016, Suriname. Eds. Asad Mohammed, Perry Polar.
      https://goo.gl/wPAEcA
    • CCCCC (2012). Caribbean Regional Strategic Program for Climate Resilience.
      https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/sites/cif_enc/files/caribbean_regional_track_spcr_cif_endorsed_final_0.pdf
    • CDKN (2014). The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report What’s in it for Latin America?
      https://cdkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/IPCC-AR5-Whats-in-it-for-Latin-America.pdf
    • Nueva Agenda Urbana.
      http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-Spanish.pdf
    • Habitat for Humanity (2017). National policies and regulations in Latin America and the Caribbean. Habitat for Humanity (2018). The importance of considering climate change in the actions of Habitat for Humanity. IPCC (2014).
    • Climate Change: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability.
      https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg2/
    • Lucy Winchester & Raquel Szalachman (2010). Chapter 28: The Urban Poor’s Vulnerability to Climate Change in Latin America and the Caribbean en “Cities and Climate Change”.
      http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/Resources/336387- 1342044185050/8756911-1342044630817/V2Chap28.pdf
    • Ministerio del Ambiente en Perú (2014). Ciudades sostenibles y cambio climático, Resumen de experiencias, procesos e iniciativas desarrolladas en Perú. Ed. Luis S. Naters.
      http://cdn.inventarte.net.s3.amazonaws.com/cop20/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Ciudades-sostenibles-y-cambio-clim%C3%A1tico-MINAM.pdf
    • UN (2010). Avances de la Sostenibilidad Ambiental del Desarrollo en América Latina y el Caribe.
      http://bibliotecadigital.indh.cl/handle/123456789/523
    • UN-Habitat (2011). Cities and Climate Change: Global Report on Human Settlements.
      https://unhabitat.org/?mbt_book=cities-and- climate-change- global-report- on-human- settlements- 2011#
    • USAID (2015). USAID/OFDA Latin America and Caribbean Disaster Risk Reduction Plan 2015–2019.
      https://scms.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/LAC_DRR_Plan_2015-2019.pdf
    • Xuemei Bai et al. (2018). Six research priorities for cities and climate change.
      https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018- 02409-z
    • WB (2013). Gestión Hídrica de América Latina. WB (2015). Investing in Urban Resilience, Protecting & Promoting Development in a Changing World.
      https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/25219
    • WB (2017). The Cities of the Future in Latin America: Fewer Cars, Fewer Youth.
      http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2017/10/05/ciudades-del-futuro-en-america-latina
    Return
  • Comprehensive improvement of housing and settlements
    #00B0D8
    Comprehensive improvement of housing and settlements
    Theme: Block: Land for housing, integration of resettlements

    Goals

    To discuss the needs and alternatives for the comprehensive improvement of housing and their environment, as well as the improvement of informal settlements, both in physical aspects and regarding the materiality of the habitat, as well as in the exposure of inhabitants to unsafe and unhealthy conditions for the full development of their capabilities. The cases of Brazil, Paraguay, Ecuador, and Puerto Rico will be analyzed.

    Guide questions

    On effectiveness

    1. Where can we find the effectiveness of good practices in Brazil, Paraguay and Ecuador?

    2. What are the key elements of success (instruments, practices, strategies) for the comprehensive improvement of housing and settlements?

    3. How to measure the effectiveness of interventions? What dimensions and indicators to consider in such measurement? On the implementation

    4. In what economic and political contexts have neighborhood improvement programs been implemented in the different countries?

    5. How have they been financed? What is the average investment involved in its implementation?

    6. What has been the role of municipalities in neighborhood improvement experiences? How have private parties intervened?

    7. How to ensure community engagement and participatory management of the municipality in the improvement of settlements?

    8. What is the role of social work?

    9. How to develop effective safeguard mechanisms for involuntary resettlements?

    10. How to achieve greater effectiveness/better relationships with extra sectoral interventions in the settlements under improvement? On the scope

    11. Have interventions successfully incorporated the idea of ​comprehensive development of human settlements? Or rather, have they dealt only with sanitation issues?

    12. What can be done to multiply and scale up neighborhood projects to the scope of cities and countries?

    13. How to ensure the articulation of neighborhood improvement initiatives and territorial and urban planning policies?

    14. How to ensure the incorporation of the neighborhood improvement component in national housing frameworks?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Integral Housing and Settlement Upgrading
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/2._nc_lav_integral_housing_and_settlement_upgrading_final_english_0.pdf

    General biography

    • Brakarz, J., Greene, M. y Rojas. J. (2002); Ciudades para todos: La experiencia reciente en programas de mejoramiento de barrios. Washington DC.: BID.
    • Carvajalino Bayona, H (2009). Hábitat popular y programas de mejoramiento: intervenir escenarios en proceso de consolidación.
    • Revista INVI, 20(53) Fiori, J., & Brandão, Z. (2010); “Spatial strategies and urban social policy: urbanism and poverty reduction in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro”. Rethinking the informal city: critical perspectives from Latin America, 11, 181.
    • ONU-HABITAT, FUNDACION EL BARRANCO, GAD MUNICIPAL DEL CANTÓN CUENCA (2015); Mejoramiento integral de barrios periféricos de la ciudad de Cuenca.
      https://unhabitat.org/downloads/es/CUENCA_FOLLETO_BARRIOS.pdf
    • Ordoñez, A. (2012); “Asentamientos y barrios precarios. Laboratorio de proyectos urbanos CITU”. Revista M, Vol 9, n.2. Colombia: Universidad Santo Tomás.
      http://revistas.ustabuca.edu.co/index.php/REVISTAM/article/viewFile/962/1013
    • The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (UN DESA) (2015); World Urbanization Prospects. The 2014 revision (ST/ESA/SER.A/366).
    Return
  • Densification and reuse of land, idle properties, and social function
    #00B0D8
    Densification and reuse of land, idle properties, and social function
    Theme: Block: Land for housing, integration of resettlements

    Goals

    The objective of this LAV is to open a dialogue with diverse parties to explore the different densification processes and mechanisms as opportunities to favor equitable and sustainable access to housing and to the compact, connected, integrated, safe, and inclusive city; to analyze the social function of land and property with special attention to empty, idle, or underutilized spaces in the existing urban fabric (at the level of urban centers, human settlements, and public spaces), to identify their most appropriate use for developing all citizens' full capabilities, delving into the existing tools for the regularization of land and its potential at both urban and social levels.

    Guide questions

    1. Why densify and what are the densification processes?

    2. What is lacking in problematizing the need for densification? And are there other forms of densification?

    3. What are the challenges and limitations that densification processes face (or have faced) in practice?

    4. What role have the parties involved in successful densification played in achieving positive changes?

    5. What are the challenges faced in the democratic and transparent use of public areas for social purposes?

    6. What do you believe are the instruments that induce the social function of property in public and private buildings?

    7. What do you believe are the best strategies to link the instruments of the social function of property to their application in providing social housing in Latin America?

    8. What policies, regulations and instruments have been key factors of success in some cases, so that urban densification becomes a solution for those most in need and not a source of income for real estate companies?

    9. What do you believe are innovative planning and spatial planning elements to promote sustainable densification?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Densification and reuse of land, idle properties, and social function
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/nc_lav_densification_final_30052018_english.pdf

    General biography

    • BID, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, (2016). Guía metodológica Iniciativa ciudades emergentes y sostenibles.
      https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/8119/Guia-Metodologica-Programa-de-Ciudades-Emergentes-y-Sostenibles-Tercera-edicion.pdf
    • Cities Allience (2010). El Estatuto de la Ciudad: un comentario. Sao Paulo: Ministerio de las Ciudades: Alianza de las ciudades.
      http://www.citiesalliance.org/sites/citiesalliance.org/files/CAFiles/Projects/Final_CityStatuteofBrazil_Spanish_fulltext.pdf
    • Senado Federal de Brasil. (2016). Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil (1988). Brasília, Senado Federal, Coordenação de Ediçoes Técnicas.
      https://www2.senado.leg.br/bdsf/bitstream/handle/id/518231/CF88_Livro_EC91_2016.pdf
    • Senado Federal de Brasil (2001). Estatuto da Cidade. Decreto-lei n∘ 10.257, de 10 de Julho de 2001. Casa Civil da Presidência da República, 3ra edição Brasil, DF.
      https://www2.senado.leg.br/bdsf/bitstream/handle/id/70317/000070317.pdf?sequence=6 Calizaya,
    • Juan Carlos; Álvarez, Esther. 2017. Programa de intervención urbanística integral de vivienda social de captación de aires para densificación en barrios populares con servicios, En: Cuadernos Urbanos nº 3. Colectivo Hábitat Perú, Lima.
    • Fundación IDEA (2014). México compacto: Las condiciones para la densificación urbana inteligente en México. Ciudad de México: Fundación IDEA, Senado de la República, SIMO Consulting.
    • Furbino Ana, Carvalho Celso y Daniel Todtmann (2016). El Estatuto de la ciudad comentado, Cities Alliance
      http://www.citiesalliance.org/node/1947
    • ONU-HABITAT Organización de las Naciones Unidas ONU (2017), La Nueva Agenda Urbana.
      http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-Spanish.pdf
    • Rossbach, Ana Claudia; Montandon, Daniel. (2017). Una Visión general de las leyes nacionales urbanas en América Latina y Caribe: Estudios de caso de Brasil, Colombia y Ecuador. Cities Allience.
      http://www.citiesalliance.org/sites/citiesalliance.org/files/National%20Urban%20Laws%20LAC%20-%20EN%20ES%20-%20web%20(4).pdf
    • Smolka, Martim; Mullahy, Laura. Perspectivas Urbanas. Temas críticos en políticas de suelo en América Latina. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. Cambridge, Massachusetts. IPEA – Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada e Ministério da Justiça. Parcelamento
    • Sergio Antonio Fabris Editor, 2007. Techo (2016). Relevamiento de Asentamientos Informales
      https://issuu.com/techoargentina/docs/rai_2016_-___ltima_versi__n
    Return
  • Housing Financing in Latin America: The Roll of the Financial Sector, Trends and Business Models
    #FFB80E
    Housing Financing in Latin America: The Roll of the Financial Sector, Trends and Business Models
    Theme: Block: Finances

    Goals

    • Discuss new trends on financing and innovation to characterize housing demand through the use of Big Data
    • dentify new alternatives to respond to people not served such as: people at the lower end of the income pyramid, autonomous professionals and workers without benefits, the wide array of young adults, older adults, migrants and informal settlement dwellers, to mention the most representative.
    • Learn from experiences of diverse players to strengthen the actions of the public and private sector regarding housing financing in Latin America.

    Guide questions

    1. How can we characterize family housing needs?
    2. How can we understand families and their internal connection processes with housing?
    3. What do we do to offer distinct housing solutions for families?
    4. What tools should we use to support low-income families?
    5. What financial strategies should be used to acquire, rent, self-construction, improvement and enlargement?
    6. How do we effectively articulate funds for subsidies, investment and financing of housing and urban infrastructure with credit programs?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Housing Financing in Latin America: The Roll of the Financial Sector, Trends and Business Models
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/8._nc_lav_housing_financing_in_latin_america_the_roll_of_the_financial_sector_trends_and_business_models_0.pdf

    General biography

    Return
  • Integrated national policies and frameworks for inclusive governance of land, housing and habitat
    #FF0028
    Integrated national policies and frameworks for inclusive governance of land, housing and habitat
    Theme: Block: Public policies

    Goals

    To discuss national and comprehensive urban management tools, contributing to the implementation of inclusive actions which prioritize effective land governance, the predominant role of housing and habitat in interventions at national level. Particular cases in the region, such as Mexico, El Salvador, Argentina and, more recently, Paraguay, will be emphasized, in order to better understand engagement processes carried out and the objectives set for the implementation of national policies and frameworks aligned with global development agendas, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the New Urban Agenda (NUA).

    Guide questions

    1. Is it necessary for countries to have a national urban policy? What are the benefits? What are the difficulties?

    2. How to align fragmented housing programs in a national framework in the context of the New Urban Agenda?

    3. What kind of national frameworks are needed to promote sustainable housing policies?

    4. What are the national frameworks that make the production and rehabilitation of well-located social housing in the city feasible, thereby recovering their social function?

    5. How to achieve political consensus aiming at the sustainable implementation of national frameworks, in general, and housing policies associated with them, in particular?

    6. How to achieve more virtuous relationships between the public and private sectors to achieve an inclusive governance of land, housing, and habitat?

    7. How to strengthen the ability of implementing national plans at the sub-national level?

    8. What have been the lessons learned from countries such as Colombia and Brazil?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Developing Integrated National Policies and Frameworks for Inclusive Land, Housing and Habitat Governance
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/nc_lav_national_policies_and_frameworks_final_03062018_english.pdf

    General biography

    • Bruno, A. (2016); “Desdoblamientos del Estatuto de la Ciudad en el ámbito federal: la actuación del Ministerio de las Ciudades en política urbana”. En Rossbach, A. (Org.), Estatuto de la Ciudad. La vieja y la nueva agenda urbana. Un análisis de 15 años de
    • IMCO, (2014); “¿Quién manda aquí? La gobernanza de las ciudades y el territorio en México”. México: Instituto Mexicano de la Competitividad.
    • SNH (2010); “Avances y desafíos de la política nacional de habitación”. Brasil: Secretaria Nacional de Habitación Ministerio de las Ciudades.
    Return
  • Land policies and land-based financing to guarantee inclusive housing and secure tenure and prevent informal settlements
    #FFB80E
    Land policies and land-based financing to guarantee inclusive housing and secure tenure and prevent informal settlements
    Theme: Block: Finances

    Goals

    This Housing Laboratory aims at identifying and exploring the organization of the land and housing markets, the land policies and the financing to guarantee inclusive and affordable housing, secure tenure, and to prevent informal settlements. Based on four specific experiences, the objective of this Housing Laboratory seeks to analyze the rationale, the achievements, the scope and the challenges included in these experiences, reflecting on the relevance of encouraging proposals linking land, financing and housing.

    Guide questions

    1. As regards other ways of financing, what is the importance of land-based financing to guarantee safe and affordable housing? What are the ways to link this to the principles of the New Urban Agenda and the promotion of equitable and inclusive cities?
    2. How can we maximize the potential of the mechanisms of land-based financing to increase housing availability and prevent and regularize informal settlements?
    3. What are the financing instruments, considering the different urban locations? For example: What are the ways to address: densification in consolidated centers; proper occupation of the borders between rural and urban environments; the retrofitting precarious settlements?
    4. What are the emerging models for the financing and planning of access to land and housing?
    5. What are the strategies and trends to finance policies able to solve the issues of regularization and urbanization?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Land policies and land-based financing to guarantee inclusive housing and secure tenure and prevent informal settlements
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/7._nc_lav_land_policies_and_land-based_financing_final_english_3.pdf

    General biography

    • Bogotá, Secretaria Distrital de Planeación, De la renovación a la revitalización. Desafíos para Bogotá. Colombia 2015
    • Brasil. Ministério das Cidades. Guia para regulamentação e implementação de Zonas Especiais de Interesse Social – ZEIS em Vazios Urbanos. Brasília: Ministério das Cidades, 2009.
    • Brasil. Ministério das Cidades. Outorga onerosa do direito de construir. Brasília: Ministério das Cidades, 2012
    • Puerto Rico, Fideicomiso de la Tierra Cano Martin Peña, El primer fideicomiso de tierras en un asentamiento informal. San Juan, 2016
    Return
  • Metropolitan governance
    #00B0D8
    Metropolitan governance
    Theme: Block: Land for housing, integration of resettlements

    Goals

    The objective of this LAV is to promote dialogue between agents at different government levels, non-governmental organizations, international agencies, civil society, the private sector, and other parties that are part of the metropolitan governance, in order to exchange knowledge to understand the importance and complexity of the subject, identify potential and limitations from experiences and current mechanisms of metropolitan governance in LAC, and identify evolution trends.

    Guide questions

    1. What are the main topics/issues that require a metropolitan governance approach for LAC?

    2. What are the common conditions (political, technical or contextual) of metropolitan governance initiatives in LAC that have allowed for progress? How do these initiatives promote/obstruct the improvement of informal settlements and social housing?

    3. In contexts where the engagement of some parties, e.g. civil society, tends to be low or inexistent regarding metropolitan decisions, what functions/roles, capacities, spaces and/or methodologies might start the conversation to create a plural and inclusive concerted project portfolio?

    4. What is the role of the private and public sectors (different levels) in improving the conditions of democracy for metropolitan governance?

    5. What learning and relationships might be generated between formal (top down) and more informal (bottom up) institutional arrangements for the construction of metropolitan governance?

    6. What power redistribution processes among different parties might influence the development of tools (e.g. legal, financial or technological) that encourage the creation of intersectoral, inter-territorial and inter-institutional alliances for the improvement of housing and public infrastructure?

    7. Which are the limits and potential of, as well as the relationship between, the two common funding sources of metropolitan projects (tax resources/federal government transfers versus resources for attracting land appraisal/public-private partnerships) for strengthening metropolitan governance?

    8. What is the effectiveness of metropolitan projects created from issues or sectors (housing or mobility) versus integrated and complex approaches (intersectoral projects)?

    9. How to take advantage of crises (e.g. economic or environmental) to strengthen the metropolitan governance agenda? And what are the priority areas of practice and research in favor of its evolution?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Metropolitan governance
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/4._nc_lav_metropolitan_governance_final_english.pdf

    General biography

    • BID (2005). Gobernar las metrópolis. Ed. Eduardo Rojas, Juan R. Cuadrado y José Miguel Fernández.
      https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/445/Gobernar%20las%20metr%C3%B3p olis.pdf?sequence=2
    • BID (2015). Steering the Metropolis: Metropolitan Governance for Sustainable Urban Development. Coordinador David Gómez-Álvarez. Habitat III (2015). Documento de Gobierno Urbano.
      http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/Steering-the-Metropolis-V20.pdf
    • Brasil metropolitano em foco: desafios à implementação do Estatuto da Metrópole. Organizadores: Bárbara Oliveira, Marco Aurélio, César Buno. Brasília: Ipea.
      http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32908&Itemid=433
    • Le Galés et al (2018). Gobernando la ciudad, lo que se gobierna y lo que no se gobierna en una gran metrópoli. Coordinadores: Patrick de Gales y Vicente Ugalde. México: Colmex. Ley Orgánica de Ordenamiento Territorial (2011). El Capítulo III. Definición d
      http://www.secretariasenado.gov.co/senado/basedoc/ley_1454_2011.html
    • Ley de Áreas Metropolitanas (2013). Normas orgánicas para dotar a las Áreas Metropolitanas de un régimen político, administrativo y fiscal. Ley 1625.
      http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=52972
    • Ley Nacional " Estatuto de la Metropole" Brasil (2015). Incorpora Ley de Consorcios.
      http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2015-2018/2015/lei/l13089.htm
    • Marques (2012) Governance, Political Actors, and Governance in Urban Policies in Brazil and Sao Paulo: Concepts for future research agenda. OECD (2015) The Metropolitan Century. Understanding urbanisation and its consequences.
      http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1981-38212013000300001
    • OECD (2015b) Governing the City Policy Highlights. Understanding urbanisation and its consequences.
      https://www.oecd.org/regional/regional-policy/The-Metropolitan-Century-Policy-Highlights%20.pdf
    • Política Nacional del Sistema de Ciudades (2014). Política del orden nacional que reconoce e identifica las relaciones funcionales del sistema de ciudades de Colombia Documento CONPES 3819.
      https://colaboracion.dnp.gov.co/CDT/Conpes/Econ%C3%B3micos/3819.pdf
    • Universidad Nacional de Colombia (2016). Dinámica de las Áreas Metropolitanas de Colombia. Debates Gobierno Urbano. Publicación seriada del Instituto de Estudios Urbanos de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Bogotá. Número 9, Nov ISSN 2248-7204.
      https://www.institutodeestudiosurbanos.info/observatorio-de-gobierno-urbano/publicaciones-de-debates-urbanos/1407-debates-de-gobierno-urbano-9/file
    Return
  • Social Rental
    #00B0D8
    Social Rental
    Theme: Block: Land for housing, integration of resettlements

    Goals

    This LAV aims to explore the potential of Social Rental as an alternative for access to adequate and safe housing for vulnerable sectors of the population, from a social justice perspective.

    Description

    1. CONCEPTS AND POLICY:

    1.1. What are the concepts behind the proposed Social Rental policy? Is it possible to think of a massive Social Rental policy? Or a diversified policy, with specific modalities and niches?

    1.2. How to address the diffusion of the idea that Social Rental, both among the population in general and within the State, is an intermediate step to final housing accessibility, which is the own home?

    2. SUPPLY:

    2.1. What is the formal rental market offering low-income families? How to characterize it? How to recognize the offer of the informal market? How do social rental subsidies affect market prices?

    2.2. A set of modalities are intended for social rental: public management of public complexes, private management of public complexes, and rental of units from private rental complexes. How to define the most appropriate application of each modality for each Social Rental program?

    3. DEMAND:

    3.1. What is the demand for social rental programs? How to define target audiences for each modality?

    3.2. What are the priority criteria (age, income bands, family composition, others)?

    4. PARTIES AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

    4.1. Who are the public and private parties involved (State, cooperatives, associations, companies, etc.)? What are the institutional arrangements between them?

    4.2. How to coordinate the Social Rental program to expand its scope of action, in addition to specific experiences?

    5. MANAGEMENT AND COSTS

    5.1. How to manage the programs? For example, the direct governance of public complexes, which includes contract management and condominium administration of public complexes or the transparent monitoring of outsourced management and incentives for access to the private social rental market?

    5.2. What are the programs' operating costs and what is the composition of the financial contributions of each party?

    6. RENTAL, SOCIAL PROGRAMS, AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

    6.1. What paths should policies follow to articulate social housing rental and social inclusion and income generation programs?

    6.2. What paths should policies follow to articulate social housing rental and urban development, for example, with the incentives for occupation of well-located urban spaces and underutilized buildings?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Social Rental Housing
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/nc_lav_social_rental_final_30052018_english.pdf

    General biography

    • BID (2014). Busco casa en arriendo: promover el alquiler tiene sentido. Washington:
    • CECCHINI, S. et. al. Towards universal social protection: Latin American pathways and policy tools. Santiago: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe, 2015.
    • LABORATORIOS DESARROLLO CAPACIDADES ‘CAMPAŇA SUELO SEGURO, Grupo Urbano de Instrumentos de Suelo - América Latina e Caribe, marzo 2017. (mimeo)
    • PEPPERCORN, I. G. TAFFIN, C. Rental Housing: Lessons from International Experience and Policies for Emerging Markets. Washington: World Bank, 2013.
    • PROGRAMA DE SUBSIDIO DE ARRIENDO EN VIVIENDA, Gobierno de Chile - Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, 2017. (mimeo)
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What are

THE LAVs?

They are workshops where the research and practice of different sectors (public, private, social, academic, among others) and scales (subnational, national, regional) converge to discuss and analyze knowledge and experiences regarding issues related to housing and habitat in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC). The LAVs are based on the demands of the actors and informed by the global agendas, and aim to bring together actors, generate shared visions and align effort for action and research, to face urban challenges and move towards sustainable development in the region.

Goals

  • 1

    Generate critical mass to guide the region towards sustainable development based on housing and habitat.

  • 2

    Develop alternatives on specific housing and habitat issues in the region.

  • 3

    Exchange practices, opportunities and approaches to transfer, scale and enrich initiatives in housing and habitat issues in the region.

  • 4

    Examine practices and approaches to enrich and guide research and action lines.

LAVs in
action

  • Building urban resilience and environmental sustainability
    #004D72
    Building urban resilience and environmental sustainability
    Theme: Block: Risks, climate change and resilience

    Goals

    The objective of this LAV is to initiate a dialogue with parties who are developing initiatives in LAC on mitigation of and adaptation to climate change, and risk management. Specifically, it seeks to delve into the current challenges for the construction of resilience and environmental sustainability, in the analysis of various initiatives implemented, and in linking these issues to housing and habitat.

    Guide questions

    1. How can the CC agenda be positioned at the center of urban development and housing processes? And how can the urban resilience and environmental sustainability agenda be used to articulate immediate and gradual strategies for urban planning and other public policies to promote joint adaptation actions in medium-sized cities?

    2. What mechanisms can achieve concurrent strategic planning (multi-level, inter-sectoral, inter-territorial and inclusive) that promotes the implementation of sustainable, viable, and scalable projects?

    3. Of the initiatives implemented in LAC regarding climate change and urban resilience, which have resulted in engagement and coordinated processes among diverse parties, levels, and sectors? What common principles identify them?

    4. How can the gap between national/international parameters be closed with the needs or lack of local capacities? How can legal frameworks or actions be integrated to guarantee the scaling of local initiatives? What role do local or international development agencies play in this challenge?

    5. How can the risk and vulnerability of marginalized communities that are more exposed to CC be reduced (e.g. through training and/or appropriate communication technologies), and how can these communities become involved ed in planning processes, as well as in the design and implementation of adaptation projects?

    6. How can the implementation of housing improvement projects with sustainable and resilient infrastructure be promoted, particularly in informal settlements?

    7. How can the actions of the private sector be promoted and linked to the climate change agenda to establish innovative business models? How can we incorporate this business logic at the public sector level to articulate investments in housing and urban development with strategies of urban resilience and environmental sustainability?

    8. How to generate links between the academia and other parties (e.g. technological developers or alternative construction) to strengthen the integration between different subjects, as well as between research and action?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Building urban resilience and environmental sustainability
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/6._nc_lav_building_resilience_and_environmental_sustainability_final_english.pdf

    General biography

    • BID (2011). Sostenibilidad Urbana en América Latina y el Caribe (BID, 2011). Coord. Jaime Bonet.
    • BID (2013). The Climate and Development Challenge for Latin America and the Caribbean, Options for climate-resilient, low-carbon development. Walter Vergara, Ana R. Rios, Luis M. Galindo, Pablo Gutman, Paul Isbell, Paul H. Suding, Joseluis Samaniego.
      http://www20.iadb.org/intal/catalogo/PE/2013/11708.pdf
    • BID (2013b) Climate Change Mitigation & Adaptation through Publically-Assisted Housing. Carlos Martin, Gisela Campillo, Hilen Meirovich, Jesus Navarrete.
      https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/6026/IDB-TN- 593_en.pdf?sequence=2
    • BID (2017). Delivering a Climate Agenda for LAC: IDB Actions to 2020.
      https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/8748/IDB-CCAP_FINAL.PDF?sequence=1&isAllowed=y
    • BID (2017b). A Blue Urban Agenda, adapting to Climate Change in the Coastal Cities of Caribbean and Pacific Small Island Developing States. Michelle Mycoo y Michael G. Donovan.
      https://publications.iadb.org/handle/11319/8264#sthash.26kxyjW5.dpuf
    • Caribbean Network for Urban and Land Management (2017). The Gap Between Rhetoric and Reality, A Critical Review of Presentations from the Caribbean Urban Forum 2016, Suriname. Eds. Asad Mohammed, Perry Polar.
      https://goo.gl/wPAEcA
    • CCCCC (2012). Caribbean Regional Strategic Program for Climate Resilience.
      https://www.climateinvestmentfunds.org/sites/cif_enc/files/caribbean_regional_track_spcr_cif_endorsed_final_0.pdf
    • CDKN (2014). The IPCC’s Fifth Assessment Report What’s in it for Latin America?
      https://cdkn.org/wp-content/uploads/2014/11/IPCC-AR5-Whats-in-it-for-Latin-America.pdf
    • Nueva Agenda Urbana.
      http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-Spanish.pdf
    • Habitat for Humanity (2017). National policies and regulations in Latin America and the Caribbean. Habitat for Humanity (2018). The importance of considering climate change in the actions of Habitat for Humanity. IPCC (2014).
    • Climate Change: Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability.
      https://www.ipcc.ch/report/ar5/wg2/
    • Lucy Winchester & Raquel Szalachman (2010). Chapter 28: The Urban Poor’s Vulnerability to Climate Change in Latin America and the Caribbean en “Cities and Climate Change”.
      http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTURBANDEVELOPMENT/Resources/336387- 1342044185050/8756911-1342044630817/V2Chap28.pdf
    • Ministerio del Ambiente en Perú (2014). Ciudades sostenibles y cambio climático, Resumen de experiencias, procesos e iniciativas desarrolladas en Perú. Ed. Luis S. Naters.
      http://cdn.inventarte.net.s3.amazonaws.com/cop20/wp-content/uploads/2014/12/Ciudades-sostenibles-y-cambio-clim%C3%A1tico-MINAM.pdf
    • UN (2010). Avances de la Sostenibilidad Ambiental del Desarrollo en América Latina y el Caribe.
      http://bibliotecadigital.indh.cl/handle/123456789/523
    • UN-Habitat (2011). Cities and Climate Change: Global Report on Human Settlements.
      https://unhabitat.org/?mbt_book=cities-and- climate-change- global-report- on-human- settlements- 2011#
    • USAID (2015). USAID/OFDA Latin America and Caribbean Disaster Risk Reduction Plan 2015–2019.
      https://scms.usaid.gov/sites/default/files/documents/1866/LAC_DRR_Plan_2015-2019.pdf
    • Xuemei Bai et al. (2018). Six research priorities for cities and climate change.
      https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-018- 02409-z
    • WB (2013). Gestión Hídrica de América Latina. WB (2015). Investing in Urban Resilience, Protecting & Promoting Development in a Changing World.
      https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/25219
    • WB (2017). The Cities of the Future in Latin America: Fewer Cars, Fewer Youth.
      http://www.worldbank.org/en/news/feature/2017/10/05/ciudades-del-futuro-en-america-latina
    Return
  • Comprehensive improvement of housing and settlements
    #00B0D8
    Comprehensive improvement of housing and settlements
    Theme: Block: Land for housing, integration of resettlements

    Goals

    To discuss the needs and alternatives for the comprehensive improvement of housing and their environment, as well as the improvement of informal settlements, both in physical aspects and regarding the materiality of the habitat, as well as in the exposure of inhabitants to unsafe and unhealthy conditions for the full development of their capabilities. The cases of Brazil, Paraguay, Ecuador, and Puerto Rico will be analyzed.

    Guide questions

    On effectiveness

    1. Where can we find the effectiveness of good practices in Brazil, Paraguay and Ecuador?

    2. What are the key elements of success (instruments, practices, strategies) for the comprehensive improvement of housing and settlements?

    3. How to measure the effectiveness of interventions? What dimensions and indicators to consider in such measurement? On the implementation

    4. In what economic and political contexts have neighborhood improvement programs been implemented in the different countries?

    5. How have they been financed? What is the average investment involved in its implementation?

    6. What has been the role of municipalities in neighborhood improvement experiences? How have private parties intervened?

    7. How to ensure community engagement and participatory management of the municipality in the improvement of settlements?

    8. What is the role of social work?

    9. How to develop effective safeguard mechanisms for involuntary resettlements?

    10. How to achieve greater effectiveness/better relationships with extra sectoral interventions in the settlements under improvement? On the scope

    11. Have interventions successfully incorporated the idea of ​comprehensive development of human settlements? Or rather, have they dealt only with sanitation issues?

    12. What can be done to multiply and scale up neighborhood projects to the scope of cities and countries?

    13. How to ensure the articulation of neighborhood improvement initiatives and territorial and urban planning policies?

    14. How to ensure the incorporation of the neighborhood improvement component in national housing frameworks?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Integral Housing and Settlement Upgrading
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/2._nc_lav_integral_housing_and_settlement_upgrading_final_english_0.pdf

    General biography

    • Brakarz, J., Greene, M. y Rojas. J. (2002); Ciudades para todos: La experiencia reciente en programas de mejoramiento de barrios. Washington DC.: BID.
    • Carvajalino Bayona, H (2009). Hábitat popular y programas de mejoramiento: intervenir escenarios en proceso de consolidación.
    • Revista INVI, 20(53) Fiori, J., & Brandão, Z. (2010); “Spatial strategies and urban social policy: urbanism and poverty reduction in the favelas of Rio de Janeiro”. Rethinking the informal city: critical perspectives from Latin America, 11, 181.
    • ONU-HABITAT, FUNDACION EL BARRANCO, GAD MUNICIPAL DEL CANTÓN CUENCA (2015); Mejoramiento integral de barrios periféricos de la ciudad de Cuenca.
      https://unhabitat.org/downloads/es/CUENCA_FOLLETO_BARRIOS.pdf
    • Ordoñez, A. (2012); “Asentamientos y barrios precarios. Laboratorio de proyectos urbanos CITU”. Revista M, Vol 9, n.2. Colombia: Universidad Santo Tomás.
      http://revistas.ustabuca.edu.co/index.php/REVISTAM/article/viewFile/962/1013
    • The Department of Economic and Social Affairs of the United Nations Secretariat (UN DESA) (2015); World Urbanization Prospects. The 2014 revision (ST/ESA/SER.A/366).
    Return
  • Densification and reuse of land, idle properties, and social function
    #00B0D8
    Densification and reuse of land, idle properties, and social function
    Theme: Block: Land for housing, integration of resettlements

    Goals

    The objective of this LAV is to open a dialogue with diverse parties to explore the different densification processes and mechanisms as opportunities to favor equitable and sustainable access to housing and to the compact, connected, integrated, safe, and inclusive city; to analyze the social function of land and property with special attention to empty, idle, or underutilized spaces in the existing urban fabric (at the level of urban centers, human settlements, and public spaces), to identify their most appropriate use for developing all citizens' full capabilities, delving into the existing tools for the regularization of land and its potential at both urban and social levels.

    Guide questions

    1. Why densify and what are the densification processes?

    2. What is lacking in problematizing the need for densification? And are there other forms of densification?

    3. What are the challenges and limitations that densification processes face (or have faced) in practice?

    4. What role have the parties involved in successful densification played in achieving positive changes?

    5. What are the challenges faced in the democratic and transparent use of public areas for social purposes?

    6. What do you believe are the instruments that induce the social function of property in public and private buildings?

    7. What do you believe are the best strategies to link the instruments of the social function of property to their application in providing social housing in Latin America?

    8. What policies, regulations and instruments have been key factors of success in some cases, so that urban densification becomes a solution for those most in need and not a source of income for real estate companies?

    9. What do you believe are innovative planning and spatial planning elements to promote sustainable densification?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Densification and reuse of land, idle properties, and social function
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/nc_lav_densification_final_30052018_english.pdf

    General biography

    • BID, Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, (2016). Guía metodológica Iniciativa ciudades emergentes y sostenibles.
      https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/8119/Guia-Metodologica-Programa-de-Ciudades-Emergentes-y-Sostenibles-Tercera-edicion.pdf
    • Cities Allience (2010). El Estatuto de la Ciudad: un comentario. Sao Paulo: Ministerio de las Ciudades: Alianza de las ciudades.
      http://www.citiesalliance.org/sites/citiesalliance.org/files/CAFiles/Projects/Final_CityStatuteofBrazil_Spanish_fulltext.pdf
    • Senado Federal de Brasil. (2016). Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil (1988). Brasília, Senado Federal, Coordenação de Ediçoes Técnicas.
      https://www2.senado.leg.br/bdsf/bitstream/handle/id/518231/CF88_Livro_EC91_2016.pdf
    • Senado Federal de Brasil (2001). Estatuto da Cidade. Decreto-lei n∘ 10.257, de 10 de Julho de 2001. Casa Civil da Presidência da República, 3ra edição Brasil, DF.
      https://www2.senado.leg.br/bdsf/bitstream/handle/id/70317/000070317.pdf?sequence=6 Calizaya,
    • Juan Carlos; Álvarez, Esther. 2017. Programa de intervención urbanística integral de vivienda social de captación de aires para densificación en barrios populares con servicios, En: Cuadernos Urbanos nº 3. Colectivo Hábitat Perú, Lima.
    • Fundación IDEA (2014). México compacto: Las condiciones para la densificación urbana inteligente en México. Ciudad de México: Fundación IDEA, Senado de la República, SIMO Consulting.
    • Furbino Ana, Carvalho Celso y Daniel Todtmann (2016). El Estatuto de la ciudad comentado, Cities Alliance
      http://www.citiesalliance.org/node/1947
    • ONU-HABITAT Organización de las Naciones Unidas ONU (2017), La Nueva Agenda Urbana.
      http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/NUA-Spanish.pdf
    • Rossbach, Ana Claudia; Montandon, Daniel. (2017). Una Visión general de las leyes nacionales urbanas en América Latina y Caribe: Estudios de caso de Brasil, Colombia y Ecuador. Cities Allience.
      http://www.citiesalliance.org/sites/citiesalliance.org/files/National%20Urban%20Laws%20LAC%20-%20EN%20ES%20-%20web%20(4).pdf
    • Smolka, Martim; Mullahy, Laura. Perspectivas Urbanas. Temas críticos en políticas de suelo en América Latina. Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. Cambridge, Massachusetts. IPEA – Instituto de Pesquisa Econômica Aplicada e Ministério da Justiça. Parcelamento
    • Sergio Antonio Fabris Editor, 2007. Techo (2016). Relevamiento de Asentamientos Informales
      https://issuu.com/techoargentina/docs/rai_2016_-___ltima_versi__n
    Return
  • Housing Financing in Latin America: The Roll of the Financial Sector, Trends and Business Models
    #FFB80E
    Housing Financing in Latin America: The Roll of the Financial Sector, Trends and Business Models
    Theme: Block: Finances

    Goals

    • Discuss new trends on financing and innovation to characterize housing demand through the use of Big Data
    • dentify new alternatives to respond to people not served such as: people at the lower end of the income pyramid, autonomous professionals and workers without benefits, the wide array of young adults, older adults, migrants and informal settlement dwellers, to mention the most representative.
    • Learn from experiences of diverse players to strengthen the actions of the public and private sector regarding housing financing in Latin America.

    Guide questions

    1. How can we characterize family housing needs?
    2. How can we understand families and their internal connection processes with housing?
    3. What do we do to offer distinct housing solutions for families?
    4. What tools should we use to support low-income families?
    5. What financial strategies should be used to acquire, rent, self-construction, improvement and enlargement?
    6. How do we effectively articulate funds for subsidies, investment and financing of housing and urban infrastructure with credit programs?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Housing Financing in Latin America: The Roll of the Financial Sector, Trends and Business Models
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/8._nc_lav_housing_financing_in_latin_america_the_roll_of_the_financial_sector_trends_and_business_models_0.pdf

    General biography

    Return
  • Integrated national policies and frameworks for inclusive governance of land, housing and habitat
    #FF0028
    Integrated national policies and frameworks for inclusive governance of land, housing and habitat
    Theme: Block: Public policies

    Goals

    To discuss national and comprehensive urban management tools, contributing to the implementation of inclusive actions which prioritize effective land governance, the predominant role of housing and habitat in interventions at national level. Particular cases in the region, such as Mexico, El Salvador, Argentina and, more recently, Paraguay, will be emphasized, in order to better understand engagement processes carried out and the objectives set for the implementation of national policies and frameworks aligned with global development agendas, the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) and the New Urban Agenda (NUA).

    Guide questions

    1. Is it necessary for countries to have a national urban policy? What are the benefits? What are the difficulties?

    2. How to align fragmented housing programs in a national framework in the context of the New Urban Agenda?

    3. What kind of national frameworks are needed to promote sustainable housing policies?

    4. What are the national frameworks that make the production and rehabilitation of well-located social housing in the city feasible, thereby recovering their social function?

    5. How to achieve political consensus aiming at the sustainable implementation of national frameworks, in general, and housing policies associated with them, in particular?

    6. How to achieve more virtuous relationships between the public and private sectors to achieve an inclusive governance of land, housing, and habitat?

    7. How to strengthen the ability of implementing national plans at the sub-national level?

    8. What have been the lessons learned from countries such as Colombia and Brazil?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Developing Integrated National Policies and Frameworks for Inclusive Land, Housing and Habitat Governance
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/nc_lav_national_policies_and_frameworks_final_03062018_english.pdf

    General biography

    • Bruno, A. (2016); “Desdoblamientos del Estatuto de la Ciudad en el ámbito federal: la actuación del Ministerio de las Ciudades en política urbana”. En Rossbach, A. (Org.), Estatuto de la Ciudad. La vieja y la nueva agenda urbana. Un análisis de 15 años de
    • IMCO, (2014); “¿Quién manda aquí? La gobernanza de las ciudades y el territorio en México”. México: Instituto Mexicano de la Competitividad.
    • SNH (2010); “Avances y desafíos de la política nacional de habitación”. Brasil: Secretaria Nacional de Habitación Ministerio de las Ciudades.
    Return
  • Land policies and land-based financing to guarantee inclusive housing and secure tenure and prevent informal settlements
    #FFB80E
    Land policies and land-based financing to guarantee inclusive housing and secure tenure and prevent informal settlements
    Theme: Block: Finances

    Goals

    This Housing Laboratory aims at identifying and exploring the organization of the land and housing markets, the land policies and the financing to guarantee inclusive and affordable housing, secure tenure, and to prevent informal settlements. Based on four specific experiences, the objective of this Housing Laboratory seeks to analyze the rationale, the achievements, the scope and the challenges included in these experiences, reflecting on the relevance of encouraging proposals linking land, financing and housing.

    Guide questions

    1. As regards other ways of financing, what is the importance of land-based financing to guarantee safe and affordable housing? What are the ways to link this to the principles of the New Urban Agenda and the promotion of equitable and inclusive cities?
    2. How can we maximize the potential of the mechanisms of land-based financing to increase housing availability and prevent and regularize informal settlements?
    3. What are the financing instruments, considering the different urban locations? For example: What are the ways to address: densification in consolidated centers; proper occupation of the borders between rural and urban environments; the retrofitting precarious settlements?
    4. What are the emerging models for the financing and planning of access to land and housing?
    5. What are the strategies and trends to finance policies able to solve the issues of regularization and urbanization?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Land policies and land-based financing to guarantee inclusive housing and secure tenure and prevent informal settlements
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/7._nc_lav_land_policies_and_land-based_financing_final_english_3.pdf

    General biography

    • Bogotá, Secretaria Distrital de Planeación, De la renovación a la revitalización. Desafíos para Bogotá. Colombia 2015
    • Brasil. Ministério das Cidades. Guia para regulamentação e implementação de Zonas Especiais de Interesse Social – ZEIS em Vazios Urbanos. Brasília: Ministério das Cidades, 2009.
    • Brasil. Ministério das Cidades. Outorga onerosa do direito de construir. Brasília: Ministério das Cidades, 2012
    • Puerto Rico, Fideicomiso de la Tierra Cano Martin Peña, El primer fideicomiso de tierras en un asentamiento informal. San Juan, 2016
    Return
  • Metropolitan governance
    #00B0D8
    Metropolitan governance
    Theme: Block: Land for housing, integration of resettlements

    Goals

    The objective of this LAV is to promote dialogue between agents at different government levels, non-governmental organizations, international agencies, civil society, the private sector, and other parties that are part of the metropolitan governance, in order to exchange knowledge to understand the importance and complexity of the subject, identify potential and limitations from experiences and current mechanisms of metropolitan governance in LAC, and identify evolution trends.

    Guide questions

    1. What are the main topics/issues that require a metropolitan governance approach for LAC?

    2. What are the common conditions (political, technical or contextual) of metropolitan governance initiatives in LAC that have allowed for progress? How do these initiatives promote/obstruct the improvement of informal settlements and social housing?

    3. In contexts where the engagement of some parties, e.g. civil society, tends to be low or inexistent regarding metropolitan decisions, what functions/roles, capacities, spaces and/or methodologies might start the conversation to create a plural and inclusive concerted project portfolio?

    4. What is the role of the private and public sectors (different levels) in improving the conditions of democracy for metropolitan governance?

    5. What learning and relationships might be generated between formal (top down) and more informal (bottom up) institutional arrangements for the construction of metropolitan governance?

    6. What power redistribution processes among different parties might influence the development of tools (e.g. legal, financial or technological) that encourage the creation of intersectoral, inter-territorial and inter-institutional alliances for the improvement of housing and public infrastructure?

    7. Which are the limits and potential of, as well as the relationship between, the two common funding sources of metropolitan projects (tax resources/federal government transfers versus resources for attracting land appraisal/public-private partnerships) for strengthening metropolitan governance?

    8. What is the effectiveness of metropolitan projects created from issues or sectors (housing or mobility) versus integrated and complex approaches (intersectoral projects)?

    9. How to take advantage of crises (e.g. economic or environmental) to strengthen the metropolitan governance agenda? And what are the priority areas of practice and research in favor of its evolution?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Metropolitan governance
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/4._nc_lav_metropolitan_governance_final_english.pdf

    General biography

    • BID (2005). Gobernar las metrópolis. Ed. Eduardo Rojas, Juan R. Cuadrado y José Miguel Fernández.
      https://publications.iadb.org/bitstream/handle/11319/445/Gobernar%20las%20metr%C3%B3p olis.pdf?sequence=2
    • BID (2015). Steering the Metropolis: Metropolitan Governance for Sustainable Urban Development. Coordinador David Gómez-Álvarez. Habitat III (2015). Documento de Gobierno Urbano.
      http://habitat3.org/wp-content/uploads/Steering-the-Metropolis-V20.pdf
    • Brasil metropolitano em foco: desafios à implementação do Estatuto da Metrópole. Organizadores: Bárbara Oliveira, Marco Aurélio, César Buno. Brasília: Ipea.
      http://www.ipea.gov.br/portal/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=32908&Itemid=433
    • Le Galés et al (2018). Gobernando la ciudad, lo que se gobierna y lo que no se gobierna en una gran metrópoli. Coordinadores: Patrick de Gales y Vicente Ugalde. México: Colmex. Ley Orgánica de Ordenamiento Territorial (2011). El Capítulo III. Definición d
      http://www.secretariasenado.gov.co/senado/basedoc/ley_1454_2011.html
    • Ley de Áreas Metropolitanas (2013). Normas orgánicas para dotar a las Áreas Metropolitanas de un régimen político, administrativo y fiscal. Ley 1625.
      http://www.alcaldiabogota.gov.co/sisjur/normas/Norma1.jsp?i=52972
    • Ley Nacional " Estatuto de la Metropole" Brasil (2015). Incorpora Ley de Consorcios.
      http://www.planalto.gov.br/ccivil_03/_ato2015-2018/2015/lei/l13089.htm
    • Marques (2012) Governance, Political Actors, and Governance in Urban Policies in Brazil and Sao Paulo: Concepts for future research agenda. OECD (2015) The Metropolitan Century. Understanding urbanisation and its consequences.
      http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S1981-38212013000300001
    • OECD (2015b) Governing the City Policy Highlights. Understanding urbanisation and its consequences.
      https://www.oecd.org/regional/regional-policy/The-Metropolitan-Century-Policy-Highlights%20.pdf
    • Política Nacional del Sistema de Ciudades (2014). Política del orden nacional que reconoce e identifica las relaciones funcionales del sistema de ciudades de Colombia Documento CONPES 3819.
      https://colaboracion.dnp.gov.co/CDT/Conpes/Econ%C3%B3micos/3819.pdf
    • Universidad Nacional de Colombia (2016). Dinámica de las Áreas Metropolitanas de Colombia. Debates Gobierno Urbano. Publicación seriada del Instituto de Estudios Urbanos de la Universidad Nacional de Colombia, sede Bogotá. Número 9, Nov ISSN 2248-7204.
      https://www.institutodeestudiosurbanos.info/observatorio-de-gobierno-urbano/publicaciones-de-debates-urbanos/1407-debates-de-gobierno-urbano-9/file
    Return
  • Social Rental
    #00B0D8
    Social Rental
    Theme: Block: Land for housing, integration of resettlements

    Goals

    This LAV aims to explore the potential of Social Rental as an alternative for access to adequate and safe housing for vulnerable sectors of the population, from a social justice perspective.

    Description

    1. CONCEPTS AND POLICY:

    1.1. What are the concepts behind the proposed Social Rental policy? Is it possible to think of a massive Social Rental policy? Or a diversified policy, with specific modalities and niches?

    1.2. How to address the diffusion of the idea that Social Rental, both among the population in general and within the State, is an intermediate step to final housing accessibility, which is the own home?

    2. SUPPLY:

    2.1. What is the formal rental market offering low-income families? How to characterize it? How to recognize the offer of the informal market? How do social rental subsidies affect market prices?

    2.2. A set of modalities are intended for social rental: public management of public complexes, private management of public complexes, and rental of units from private rental complexes. How to define the most appropriate application of each modality for each Social Rental program?

    3. DEMAND:

    3.1. What is the demand for social rental programs? How to define target audiences for each modality?

    3.2. What are the priority criteria (age, income bands, family composition, others)?

    4. PARTIES AND INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS

    4.1. Who are the public and private parties involved (State, cooperatives, associations, companies, etc.)? What are the institutional arrangements between them?

    4.2. How to coordinate the Social Rental program to expand its scope of action, in addition to specific experiences?

    5. MANAGEMENT AND COSTS

    5.1. How to manage the programs? For example, the direct governance of public complexes, which includes contract management and condominium administration of public complexes or the transparent monitoring of outsourced management and incentives for access to the private social rental market?

    5.2. What are the programs' operating costs and what is the composition of the financial contributions of each party?

    6. RENTAL, SOCIAL PROGRAMS, AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT

    6.1. What paths should policies follow to articulate social housing rental and social inclusion and income generation programs?

    6.2. What paths should policies follow to articulate social housing rental and urban development, for example, with the incentives for occupation of well-located urban spaces and underutilized buildings?

    Guests

    Reference documentation

    • Social Rental Housing
      https://www.uhph.org/sites/all/files/images/file/nc_lav_social_rental_final_30052018_english.pdf

    General biography

    • BID (2014). Busco casa en arriendo: promover el alquiler tiene sentido. Washington:
    • CECCHINI, S. et. al. Towards universal social protection: Latin American pathways and policy tools. Santiago: Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe, 2015.
    • LABORATORIOS DESARROLLO CAPACIDADES ‘CAMPAŇA SUELO SEGURO, Grupo Urbano de Instrumentos de Suelo - América Latina e Caribe, marzo 2017. (mimeo)
    • PEPPERCORN, I. G. TAFFIN, C. Rental Housing: Lessons from International Experience and Policies for Emerging Markets. Washington: World Bank, 2013.
    • PROGRAMA DE SUBSIDIO DE ARRIENDO EN VIVIENDA, Gobierno de Chile - Ministerio de Vivienda y Urbanismo, 2017. (mimeo)
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